MassIVE MSV000088859

Complete Public PXD031748

Functional interactomes of the Ebola virus polymerase identified by proximity proteomics in the context of viral replication

Description

Ebola virus (EBOV) critically depends on the viral polymerase to replicate and transcribe the viral RNA genome in the cytoplasm of host cells, where cellular factors can antagonize or facilitate the virus life cycle. Here we leveraged proximity proteomics and conducted an siRNA screen to define the functional interactome of EBOV polymerase. As proof-of-principle, we validated two cellular mRNA decay factors from 35 identified host factors: eukaryotic peptide chain release factor subunit 3a (eRF3a/GSPT1) and up-frameshift protein 1 (UPF1). Our data suggest that EBOV can subvert restrictions of cellular mRNA decay and repurpose both GSPT1 and UPF1 to promote viral replication. Treating EBOV-infected human hepatocytes with a drug candidate that targets GSPT1 for degradation significantly reduced viral RNA load and particle production. Our work demonstrates the utility of proximity proteomics to capture the functional host-interactome of the EBOV polymerase and to illuminate host-dependent regulations of viral RNA synthesis. [doi:10.25345/C5386G] [dataset license: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0)]

Keywords: Ebola virus ; biotinylated ; EBOV ; split-TurboID

Contact

Principal Investigators:
(in alphabetical order)
Erica Ollmann Saphire, La Jolla Institute for Immunology, United States
Submitting User: gcrynen
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Originally identified proteins that were automatically remapped by MassIVE to proteins in the SwissProt human reference database.

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Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

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Number of distinct proteins found to be differentially abundant in at least one comparison across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

"N/A" means no results of this type were submitted.