MassIVE MSV000082077

Partial Public PXD008985

Mass-spectrometry of single mammalian cells quantifies proteome heterogeneity during cell differentiation

Description

Cellular heterogeneity is important to biological processes, including cancer and development. However, proteome heterogeneity is largely unexplored because of the limitations of existing methods for quantifying protein levels in single cells. To alleviate these limitations, we developed Single Cell ProtEomics by Mass Spectrometry (SCoPE-MS), and validated its ability to identify distinct human cancer cell types based on their proteomes. We used SCoPE-MS to quantify thousands of proteins in differentiating mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. The single-cell proteomes enabled us to deconstruct cell populations and infer protein abundance relationships. Comparison between single-cell proteomes and transcriptomes indicated coordinated mRNA and protein covariation. Yet many genes exhibited functionally concerted and distinct regulatory patterns at the mRNA and the protein levels, suggesting that post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms contribute to proteome remodeling during lineage specification, especially for developmental genes. SCoPE-MS is broadly applicable to measuring proteome configurations of single cells and linking them to functional phenotypes, such as cell type and differentiation potentials. [dataset license: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0)]

Keywords: stem cells ; cancer ; single cell ; low input ; TMT

Contact

Principal Investigators: Nikolai Slavov, Northeastern University, USA
Submitting User: nnslavov

Publications

Budnik B., Levy E., Harmange G., Slavov N.
Mass-spectrometry of single mammalian cells quantifies proteome heterogeneity during cell differentiation.
https://doi.org/10.1101/102681.

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Quantification Results
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Distinct condition labels are counted across all files submitted in the "Metadata" category having a "Condition" column in this dataset.

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Number of distinct biological replicates across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Number of distinct technical replicates across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

The technical replicate count is defined as the maximum number of times any one distinct combination of condition and biological replicate was analyzed across all files submitted in the "Metadata" category. In the case of fractionated experiments, only the first fraction is considered.

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Originally identified proteins that were automatically remapped by MassIVE to proteins in the SwissProt human reference database.

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Number of distinct protein accessions reported across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Number of distinct peptide sequences (including modified variants or peptidoforms) reported across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Total number of peptide-spectrum matches (i.e. spectrum identifications) reported across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Number of distinct proteins quantified across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

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Number of distinct proteins found to be differentially abundant in at least one comparison across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

A protein is differentially abundant if its change in abundance across conditions is found to be statistically significant with an adjusted p-value <= 0.05 and lists no issues associated with statistical tests for differential abundance.

Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

"N/A" means no results of this type were submitted.