MassIVE MSV000089093

Partial Public

Increasing the throughput of sensitive proteomics by plexDIA

Description

Current mass-spectrometry methods enable high-throughput proteomics of large sample amounts, but proteomics of low sample amounts remains limited in depth and throughput. To increase the throughput of sensitive proteomics, we developed an experimental and computational framework, plexDIA, for simultaneously multiplexing the analysis of both peptides and samples. Multiplexed analysis with plexDIA increases throughput multiplicatively with the number of labels without reducing proteome coverage or quantitative accuracy. By using 3-plex nonisobaric mass tags, plexDIA enables quantifying 3-fold more protein ratios among nanogram-level samples. Using 1 hour active gradients and first-generation Q Exactive, plexDIA quantified about 8,000 proteins in each sample of labeled 3-plex sets. plexDIA also increases data completeness, reducing missing data over 2-fold across samples. We applied plexDIA to quantify proteome dynamics during the cell division cycle in cells isolated based on their DNA content; plexDIA detected many classical cell cycle proteins and discovered new ones. When applied to single human cells, plexDIA quantified about 1,000 proteins per cell and achieved 98% data completeness within a plexDIA set while using about 5 min of active chromatography per cell. These results establish a general framework for increasing the throughput of sensitive and quantitative protein analysis. [doi:10.25345/C5N87337S] [dataset license: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0)]

Keywords: plexDIA ; DIA ; single cell ; proteomics

Contact

Principal Investigators:
(in alphabetical order)
Nikolai Slavov, Northeastern University, USA
Submitting User: jderks
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Originally identified proteins that were automatically remapped by MassIVE to proteins in the SwissProt human reference database.

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Number of distinct peptide sequences (including modified variants or peptidoforms) reported across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Total number of peptide-spectrum matches (i.e. spectrum identifications) reported across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

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Number of distinct proteins quantified across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

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Number of distinct proteins found to be differentially abundant in at least one comparison across all analyses (original submission and reanalyses) associated with this dataset.

A protein is differentially abundant if its change in abundance across conditions is found to be statistically significant with an adjusted p-value <= 0.05 and lists no issues associated with statistical tests for differential abundance.

Distinct protein accessions are counted across all files submitted in the "Statistical Analysis of Quantified Analytes" category having a "Protein" column in this dataset.

"N/A" means no results of this type were submitted.